In the first episode of ‘Join the Simulation Nation’, we heard experts talking about how simulation enables companies across different industries to test their ideas/ innovations virtually to find the best trade-offs at the earliest design phases thereby reducing the number of prototypes and driving sustainable product development, while remaining within time and budget constraints.
Let us now turn to how simulation technology is powering the Electric Vehicle revolution in India.
The Indian transportation & mobility sector is going through a revolution! A plethora of electric vehicles are entering the market with many others on the drawing board. What’s more, are the growing regulatory requirements for energy consumption, safety & sustainability aiming at a clearer, greener and a safer environment. With this increase in complexity, cost pressures are greater than ever to keep up the mark.
Government of India is pushing for adoption of electric mobility to reduce carbon emissions. The government has announced several initiatives to encourage the manufacturing of e-vehicles, lithium-ion batteries, and the setting up of charging infrastructure, all to achieve its net-zero emission target by 2070.
Among the various initiatives announced by the government so far, the formulation of the Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid) and Electric Vehicles in India (FAME India) scheme is poised to accelerate the electric mobility adoption in the country.
Challenges in Scaling e-Mobility
While electric mobility is on a boom globally, the adoption and acceptance of electric vehicles are far lower in India. Even as there are estimates that the Indian EV market is anticipated to witness a robust CAGR growth of 42.38 percent, the concerns about specific challenges related to inadequate supply chains, consumer behaviour, infrastructure, technology, etc., are plaguing the growth of e-mobility here.
One of the critical components in the EV manufacturing that is significantly impacting its faster adoption is the dependence on rare-earth materials like neodymium and dysprosium, which are not just costly, but also produce a lot of waste.
Electric vehicles are certainly determining the path to a more environmentally friendly future, but there are also concerns around the fast-evolving technology. By the time an OEM builds a prototype to bring the newer technology-driven vehicle to the market, it has already become outdated as there is continuous research and development that is going on. Also, since consumers are always looking out for exciting technologies in the latest car models, it becomes even more difficult to keep pace with the innovations.
Simulation plays a starring role for winning the EV race
EVs are highly sophisticated and complex systems which require new vehicle innovators, OEM leaders and suppliers to rethink the way vehicles are engineered. With multiple systems in the vehicle being affected, the integration of new technologies is a significant engineering challenge. Simulation can be used to connect different disciplines to find the optimal trade-offs for resolving conflicting requirements. Furthermore, the ability to virtually test multiple options can drastically shorten development cycles.
Designing an electric vehicle calls for balancing performance, energy efficiency and costs, which can be attained by choosing the right energy storage technology and minimizing powertrain losses.
Battery and electric drives are two of the most critical components in EV. Since EV battery contributes to nearly 50 per cent of the development cost, integrating the right battery pack is critical. Simulation can optimize every stage of the battery engineering, right from battery cell material design to battery system engineering & full vehicle integration.
Electric Drive optimization is another important element for efficient performance of the EV. Simulation enables engineers to predict & verify systems behavior in all possible operating conditions while optimizing elements such as thermal management, electromagnetic performance, durability, noise & vibration control & lubrication requirements.
SIMULIA application powered by the 3DEXPERIENCE platform has emerged as a game-changer as it addresses the entire life cycle of the product development process across vehicle concept, design, engineering, manufacturing and use. SIMULIA brings an industry process approach to the EVs in which multiscale – multidisciplinary simulation powers discovery, innovation, and optimization to get to the market quickly – with predictable cost, reduced risk, and an exciting product that consumers want. The result is safe and reliable vehicles on the road.
Click here to know how SIMULIA is steering the digital future for Electric Vehicles : https://www.3ds.com/products-services/simulia/trends/electric-vehicles/
The second episode of ‘Join the Simulation Nation’ breaks down the SIMULIA advantage to the end-to-end life cycle of EVs in terms of mass reduction, strength, stiffness, thermal management, and safety.
In the second episode of ‘Join the Simulation Nation’, industry & technology experts discussed how SIMULIA powered by the 3DEXPERIENCE platform helps EV manufacturers perfect their power electronics engineering, battery engineering, electric drive development and ensure efficient full vehicle integration to deliver an exciting, winning vehicle to market quickly.
Satheesh Kandasamy, Industry Process Director, SIMULIA – Dassault Systèmes said, “There is a need to look at the performance of EV in a holistic way. And the only way that you can do this is by having a solution that is connected to design. By doing that you will be able to achieve the best balance of competing performance targets.”
Speaking about thermal management, Geetha Avula, Industry Process Senior Manager, SIMULIA – Dassault Systèmes said, “Battery range is a huge factor when we talk about EVs. SIMULIA helps our customers simulate all possible cooling scenarios to optimize thermal management in EV batteries.”
Emlin Vathsalan, Industry Process Consultant, SIMULIA Fluids – Dassault Systèmes, noted, “We have different vehicles and layouts with flexible cooling requirements and then we have aerodynamically shaped vehicles with reduced drag with improved battery life and range. Thus a multidisciplinary approach is required in order to meet the design targets.”
Talking about sensors and AI technology, Rijin Saseendran, Industry Process Consultant, SIMULIA – Dassault Systèmes, said, “Early stage design exploration with SIMULIA ensures optimal & compliant end product”
Speaking about designing, Bharath Kanaparthi, Industry Process Consultant, SIMULIA – Dassault Systèmes said, “With SIMULIA, engineers can visualise the product in 3D and VR model and review the design at each and every step of product development”
Missed It? Watch the replay: https://events.3ds.com/join-simulation-nation/episode-2-road-ahead