The importance of the Validation of the Block Model Estimation with GEOVIA GEMS: SWATH PLOT VALIDATION
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When estimating a block model, no matter what interpolation method is chosen, it is essential to validate the obtained results in order to ensure the estimation process quality according to the current industry standards.
By validating the block model, we look for:
- That the estimation be globally unbiased
- Minimize local bias
- Keep the estimation smoothing at a reasonably acceptable level
There are numerous methods to do this and through upcoming blogs we will discuss these three (3):
- Graphical validation.
- Statistical validation.
- Swath Plot validation.
Finally, we will explain the method of Swath Plot Validation:
SWATH PLOT VALIDATION OF THE BLOCK MODEL ESTIMATION
Validate that the local bias of the estimation is acceptable, i.e., that the local means of the estimated blocks are similar and follow the same trend as the “real” data (declustered composites) for the 3 main directions of the space.
How to do it? Slices are defined in the three main directions of the space. Within each slice, the mean of blocks and of declustered composites are calculated. Subsequently, those calculated mean are plotted in the three main directions of the space.
Care to take into account at the execution:
- Perform the analysis in the three perpendicular directions of interest, such as main directions of anisotropy
- That the composites have the same support as the block size
- Carry out the analysis only on the best estimated blocks, for example, those candidates for measured and indicated resources
- That the composites have been previously declustered. With that purpose, it is suggested to apply Nearest Neighbor (NN) declustering method
- That the analysis be performed separately for each estimation domain
- That the curve of the mean of the estimated blocks follows the same trend as the curve of the mean of the declustered composites.
- That the curve of the mean of the estimated blocks be smoother than the curve of the mean of the declustered composites, but that it respects the same shape and trend without being exaggeratedly flat.
- That the curves of the mean of the estimated blocks and of the declustered composites cross each other, preventing the curve of the estimated blocks from passing below or above the curve of declustered composites If this happens, it is a clear sign of under or overestimation.
Swath plots are obtained, as follows:
- Know the area on which the slices that will constitute swath plots will be established.